There are two types of comprehension passages:
What is a narrative text?
A narrative text engages the reader in a story telling format that carefully examines the major characters and provides a sequence of events or a structured plotline. Narrative texts have a specific setting – sometimes more than one setting and discuss important themes such as friendship, equality, death, love or ageing. Examples of narrative text include novels, short stories and poems.
Instructional practices that facilitate the students understanding of narrative text includes:
- Focusing discussions on story elements and encouraging students to relate story events and characters to their own experience.
- Encouraging students to compare the structure of one story to the other.
- Preparing visual guides, such as story maps of the structure of the story, to help them recall, specific story elements.
What is expository text? Expository text tries to educate readers based on facts. They contain a clearly defined thesis, evident support, such as facts, statistics, time order sequence etc. The text may include research papers, news articles, articles related to history, science and technology and are always nonfiction passages. Often they contain words like first, next, for example or therefore to guide the reader through the passage.
Instructional practices that facilitate the students understanding of expository text includes:
- It is different from the way it is presented in the text/ page. It may be organized by means of headings / subheadings and may contain extensive graphics, such as tables, charts and illustrations.
- Ask students to chunk information in a text by grouping related ideas and concepts.
- Prepare integrated information in the text with existing knowledge.
- To be able to synthesize information from different texts and develop presentations about the text.
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