Report Writing For Academic Task 1 in IELTS Writing

The task includes writing of about (150-170 words) on the given graph (pie chart, line graph, bar graph, table, diagram or flow chart).Practice to write the report in 20 minutes. Do not take more time as task-2 is worth double marks.

There are four criteria for which a student will be evaluated. These are:

  • Task achievement (how well you do the task) 25%
  • Coherence and cohesion (organization and linking of ideas & sentences) 25%
  • Lexical resource (vocabulary) 25%
  • Grammatical range and accuracy 25%

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The above listed four criteria are equally important:

STEP I: WRITING AN INTRODUCTION

The introduction is the easiest paragraph to write. Try to reword / rephrase the words given in the question for a good introduction.

For example: The question says:

The graph shows life expectancy for males and females in India from 1990 to 2025.

It can be rephrased as:

The graph gives average length of life for men and women in India between 1990 to 2025. The figures from 2018 onwards are projections.

The introduction is quite simple and one has to follow the set procedure to write it.

STEP – II: AN OVERVIEW

An overview is the most essential paragraph in report writing. The key features make up the content of the overview. When you look at a given chart, what single overall comment you could make about the information is a good overview.

For Example for the above graph:

It shows a significant rise in life expectancy for both the genders.

STEP – III VOCABULARY

To get a good band score, it is important to use wide range of vocabulary and you need to paraphrase whenever possible. Use different synonyms (language of change)

For example: increase – goes up – surges – rises

Make use of adjectives and adverbs to show the degree of change by using words like significant / significantly, sharp/sharply, gradual/gradually, dramatic/dramatically. Spellings are also important criterion for marking, so make sure you don’t make spelling mistakes.

STEP – 4: GRAMMAR

To get a higher band score you need to work on complex sentence structures and pay attention to your subject-verb agreement and tenses.

STEP – 5: LINKING DEVICES

Linking devices are part of the criterion of coherence and cohesion which makes up 25% of your marks. Try to incorporate a range of linking devices that connect information together and compare information in a coherent way. Use connectors like in addition, moreover, furthermore – to link similar idea.

Or

However, on the other hand, while – to compare the given data.

Different graphs use different linkers so practice each type of task to see the best linking devices to use.

CHECK LIST FOR A GOOD ANSWER

INTRODUCTION

  • Does it say what the data is about?
  • Does it avoid repeating the words in the question?
  • Does it give a strong, effective overview?

PLAN

  • Is there a logical order of paragraphs

PARAGRAPHS

  • Does each paragraph have a clear point or set of points?
  • Do sentences follow on logically from each other?
  • Does the writer use language well to link sentences together?

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