Use of Adjectives in Describing Noun or Pronoun in Speaking and Writing in IELTS

Ordering Adjectives

In both the writing and speaking modules of the IELTS TEST, it may be necessary to provide descriptions of people, places and things. This is an important skill in communication. For this purpose, Adjectives are used for descriptions and precede the noun they modify or qualify. When a series of adjectives is used, they are generally put in a certain order. This is sometimes called the royal order of adjectives.

There are generally six categories and four sub-categories that define the royal order of adjectives:

1. Determiner/ number

2. Opinion/observation

3. Physical description: size, age, shape, colour

4. Origin

5. Material

6. Qualifier/compound nouns/-ing forms

7. Head noun

Royal Order of Adjectives

Determiner/
Number
Opinion/
Observation
Physical description Origin Material Qualifier/Compound noun
size Age Shape Colour
a(an)/the interesting tiny adult short white English silk business
my charming large old long red American metal fashion
their beautiful spacious young Round green French glass dining
few nice miniature mature circular pink Indian steel football
first awful enormous juvenile flat blue European plastic
each delicious little adolescent square yellow Canadian gold

For Example:-

I bought a pair of black leather shoes. (colour, material)

My sister has a big, beautiful, brown and white dog. (size, quality, colour)

The adjectives are always in the singular, for example expensive business suits.

It is best to avoid long strings of adjectives as this may sound unnatural in English. Limit your descriptions to two, three or maximum four adjectives.