The sentences in writing can be connected in different ways using conjunctions . The last blog was about coordinating conjunctions and in continuation we now discuss the role of subordinating conjunctions.
Subordinating conjunctions connect a dependent clause to an independent clause to form a complete sentence, which is called a complex sentence.
There are a number of different dependent clauses, for example, dependent adjective clauses and dependent adverb clauses. The subordinating conjunctions used in the various clauses express a variety of different relationships with the dependent clauses.
Complex sentences with dependent adjective clauses
Adjective clauses provide information about a noun or pronoun. They are sometimes referred to as relative clauses because they begin with a relative pronoun, such as who, whom, which, that or a relative adverb, such as when where
|used with humans|
|who||Students who complete the three-year program successfully will be accepted into the course.|
|whom||John corresponded with a teacher named James, whom he met at the university in Sydney.|
|used with non-humans and things|
|which||There were two questions on the test which I was able to answer quickly.|
|that||The course material that the student received was helpful.|
|where||It was the place where the classes were held.|
|when||February is the month when the academic year begins.|
Complex sentences with dependent adverb clauses
Adverb clauses provide the following kind of information: when, where, why, for what purpose, and so on.
|when, whenever||used to express time (when?)||When students complete the two prerequisites, they will be eligible for the business course. they will be eligible for the business course.|
|where, wherever||used to express place (where?)||The students need to go where the training sessions will be held.|
|because, since, as||used to express reason (why?)||The students deferred her studies because she arrived after the semester began.|
|although, though, even though||used to express contrast||Although the semester already commenced, the university was accepting late enrollments.|
|while, whereas||used to express opposition||Second-year diploma students focus on marketing and accounting, while first year study business.|
|so that, in order that||used to express purpose (for what purpose?)||The parents requested student visas so that their children could pursue studies in Australia.|
The punctuation of a complex sentence with a dependent adverb clause is contingent on the order of the clause in the sentence. A comma separates the clauses only when the dependent clause comes first.
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