Essay Writing Techniques For IELTS | Masterprep

An essay is a write up on a particular subject.

There are two ways through which an argument can be structured in an essay.


Structuring an argument in an essay

  • Analyze the question carefully. Underline or circle the key points and consider what you understand by them.
  • Decide on you overall response, and think about the evidence you need to provide, including any personal experience you have.
  • Make a paragraph plan. This will help you cover all the key points and organise you writing a clearly and logically as possible.
  • Remember to link ideas within & between sentences and paragraphs.


Do young people today make good use of their leisure time? Or do they spend too much time watching television and playing video games, instead of taking part in more productive activities.

  • Good use – Is there a right & wrong way to use leisure time?
  • Too much time – How much is too much? Is there an acceptable level?
  • More productive activities – What makes an activity productive? What kind of activities are more productive than watching TV?

Providing evidence

  • Discuss these questions, mentioning any relevant personal experience you have had.
  • What problems (if any) do you see in children spending a lot of time watching TV or playing video games?
  • What benefits do children gain from these activities?
  • List of few alternative activities and suggest how these can be more ‘productive’.

When providing evidence you may need to discuss the reasons for something: Using useful language:

  • Useful language – expressing reasons
  • Because – Because children spend so much time indoors, they ————
  • Children may have health problems because they———————
  • Because of / as a result of – Their school work can suffer because of / as a result of
  • So/ such – Some games are so realistic that children may ………….

When you have more than one supporting reason, you can use linking expressions like following

In the first place, one reason for this is ……………… In addition, furthermore, moreover

Argument led approach: In this approach, you consider all the evidence and work towards an overall conclusion.

Paragraph Plan

Opening Paragraph

  • Introduce topic providing background information.
  • Eg. Since television widely available in the 1950’s, it has grown steadily in popularity. Now-a-days , many families………

Body Paragraphs

  • Analyze evidence
    Eg. Some experts believe that
  • Start a new paragraph for each point
    Eg. Young people are becoming more and more……….
  • Give reasons/examples to illustrate your views
    Eg. In evidence of this, they……. On the other hand, it can be argued that TV watching can actually………

Closing Paragraph

  • Summarize main points
    Eg. We have seen that………
  • State your overall conclusion
    Eg. To sum up…………

Thesis – led approach

Opening Paragraph

  • Introduce the topic
  • State your thesis (point of view)

Body Paragraphs

  • Justify your opinion
  • Start a new paragraph for each point

Closing paragraph

  • Restate your point of view

In a thesis – led argument – one needs to give a clear indication of your general response to the topic in your opening paragraph.

Eg. Many people believe that television has a negative impact on children, but my view is that, like any other medium, it can have a positive and powerful effect.

Final paragraph should briefly summarize the main points of you argument & give a conclusion that’s clear & convincing to the reader.

Eg. To sum up, children need to be exposed to television because it is part of our cultural life, but they should be supervised until they are old enough to make judgments about what they watch.


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